Handicap Fundamentals

 

A Players’ Responsibility

  1. The basic premise of the USGA Handicap System is that you will play by the Rules of Golf and you will try to play your best each time you play golf.
  2. Your Handicap is a number that reflects your current potential scoring ability.  It is not what you should score on average.  It is determined by using 96% of the BEST 10 of your last 20 rounds.  You should expect to average about three shots higher than your handicap, beat your handicap about 20% of the time and beat it by three strokes one out of every 20 rounds.
  3. Posting your score each time you play is essential to the system.  Any course with a slope and rating MUST be entered into GHIN.  This includes your vacation scores and any local away scores.  If you are a member of another course your GHIN can be linked to both courses so you only have to enter your score once.  If not, you must enter scores from both courses to GHIN and whatever handicap system your other club uses.  This will reflect in reality your last 20 rounds and produce an accurate handicap.  Posting is not an option.  It is a requirement of having a USGA Handicap.
  4. You should be aware of the Revision dates of the 1st and 15th and post immediately when you play just prior, thereby avoiding the impression of manipulating your handicap by delaying posting.
  5. Your handicap card is your “calling card” reflecting your ability and allows the tournament committee to place you in the correct flight for fair competition.

    Posting Scores


A Player’s Responsibility

  1. You must post all scores immediately after play at the Clubhouse computer for peer review when possible, or within one week for extenuating circumstances.
  2. When at least 13 holes have been played you must post an 18-hole score.
  3. When at least 7 holes have been played, you must post a 9-hole score.
  4. Procedure for posting scores when you have not finished your round is to take par for each hole and add any handicap strokes you would have received on each hole.
  5. When you pick up on a hole or a hole or putt is conceded in Match Play you determine your “most likely” score.  
  6. Most Likely Score is the score a player must post for handicap purposes if a hole is started but not completed or if the player is conceded a stroke.  The “most likely score” consists of the number of strokes already taken plus, in the player’s best judgment, the number of strokes the player would take to complete the hole from that position more than half the time.  This number may not exceed the player’s ESC limit.
  7. ESC Score - “Equitable Stroke Control” is used so “blow- up” holes don’t inflate handicaps.

    Handicaps

    ESC

    0-9

    Double Bogey

    10-19

    7

    20-29

    8

    30-39

    9

  8. Match Play scores are scores you can and should post, and there is not a minimum number of holes that can be conceded.  (See 6. above for posting procedure when holes are conceded)
  9. The Tournament Committee determines when a “T” Tournament score should be posted and sometimes posts scores for the players.  Players should be notified in advance when scores will be considered “Tournament”.
  10. Not posting all scores in a timely manner as described above and not trying to play your best are considered a manipulation of the system and whether it makes your handicap lower or higher, it is not fair to the player, partner or his/her competitors and is cause for action from the Handicap Committee.


Appendix E Exceptional Tournament Score Probability Table

 

Handicap Index Ranges

Net Differential

5.9 or less

6.0-12.9

13.0-21.9

22.0-30.9

31 or greater

0 to -0.9

5

5

5

5

5

-1.0 to -1.9

10

10

10

8

7

-2.0 to -2.9

23

22

21

13

10

-3.0 to -3.9

57

51

43

23

15

-4.0 to -4.9

151

121

87

40

22

-5.0 to -5.9

379

276

174

72

35

-6.0 to -6.9

790

536

323

130

60

-7.0 to -7.9

2349

1200

552

229

101

-8.0 to -8.9

20111

4467

1138

382

185

-9.0 to -9.9

48219

27877

3577

695

359

-10 or less

125000

84300

37000

1650

874


 

The values in the table represent the probability of shooting a net differential* EQUAL TO OR BETTER THAN the range in the left column.
*A net differential is the Handicap Differential for a particular score minus the player's Handicap Index.  This becomes a negative value when the differential for a score is lower than the player's Handicap Index.
Example: A player with a Handicap Index of 10.5 shoots a 74 from a set of tees with a USGA Course Rating of 70.2 and a Slope Rating of 126.
 

(74 - 70.2) = 3.8 x 113 / 126

 

= 3.4 Handicap Differential

3.4 - 10.5

 

= - 7.1 Net Differential

 

From the chart, the probability is 1 in 1,200 of this occurring.